Since 2002, the NYPD embarked on a covert domestic surveillance program that monitored American Muslims throughout the Northeast, from spying on neighborhood cafes and places of worship to infiltrating student whitewater-rafting trips – a program that continued despite the NYPD’s own acknowledgment that, over the course of six years, these efforts had not generated a single lead. A study on the above has been published as a City University of New York (CUNY) press report at: http://www1.cuny.edu/mu/law/files/2013/03/PR-NYPD-Spying-Impact-American-Muslims.pdf
Developed in response to paramilitary policing models, community policing is built upon the notion that effective policing requires mutual trust and relationships among local law enforcement and the communities they serve.This paper can be accessed at:http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2222083The author has requested that his permission be obtained before citation.
"Europe’s anti-terror regimen is reshaping European society and has led to a distorted and discriminatory approach to criminal justice. Those who speak out against the erosion of democratic standards and the unfair treatment of Muslims are increasingly being targeted and penalised by the state". A report by Statewatch explaining these claims can be accessed at: http://www.statewatch.org/analyses/no-212-dissent-becomes-subversion.pdf